Although Northern Ireland has been peaceful on paper for 23 years, the parties to the conflict have remained divided. Some argue that it is because of the so-called peace wall, which divides Republican and loyalist areas and thus prevents meetings and integration. Others say that the wall is a vital protection against aggression from the other side, and that if it is torn down, Belfast may once again be marked by violence, death and terror.
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) was an active combatant in the conflict in Northern Ireland. The group is estimated to be directly responsible for around 1 deaths, of which 800 are civilians. Some see them as a brutal terrorist organization. Others believe that the IRA is a freedom fighter - whose solidarity extends across national borders to other rebels' struggle against oppression and imperialism.